Les transformations de l'emploi en Chine et perspectives. MENG Jianjun

Chapitre

Titre: Introduction
Durée: 00:01:59   [00:00:00 > 00:01:59]
In this presentation, Professor Meng will focus on the transformation of labor force in China and the impact of Chinese labor force on East Asia economic integration.
Meng notes that the transformation from planned economy to market economy was accompanied by a structural transformation of the labor force in China.
Titre: The problem of Chinese labor force
Durée: 00:06:21   [00:01:59 > 00:08:20]
The problem of Chinese labor force comes from the pressure for providing employment opportunities for more than a quarter of the world’s total labor force, with 7.1% of the world’s territory. In China, there is a decrease in the labor force in agricultural sector and increase of the labor force in industrial sector after the economic reform of 1978.
Titre: The growth in population and labor force in China
Durée: 00:09:23   [00:08:20 > 00:17:43]
The two peaks in labor force in China showed up in the 60s and 80s respectively, with the main problem of retirement for those born in 60s and unemployment for those born in 80s. This problem is further aggravated by insufficient urbanization rate.
Meng states that the main question for China is how to effectively integrate rural labor force. He pointed out that the major points of growth in employment should come from the private, foreign funded enterprises. The growth the employment in the private enterprises represented the marketization of Chinese labor force.
Titre: The problem of urbanization rate
Durée: 00:01:49   [00:17:43 > 00:19:33]
China’s GDP level is close to that of the lower middle income country; however, its urbanization rate is only 32%, a considerably low level. The low level of urbanization affects not only economic development of the country but also has impacts on the transformation of the society.
Titre: The migration of urban and rural population in China
Durée: 00:09:41   [00:19:33 > 00:29:14]
The trend of migration is from less developed inland region towards developed coastal regions. Higher income level regions constitute the main areas of attraction for migration. Population mobility results in the formation of three important zones of economic development, namely Guangdong, Beijing and Shanghai.
The mobilization in the population occurred in the most prominent manner in Guangdong, Shanghai and Beijing, with the Sichuan province as the major source of outgoing population. Meng estimates that by 2035, rural and urban population would both reach 50%, each reaching approximately 750 million people. According to this estimation, within 35 years China is going to transform 350 million of rural population, the equivalent of the total population of the European Union, into urban population. However, such speed of transformation is not fast enough, according to Meng. He states that China should be transforming 700 million people, the double of EU population, into urban population. However, this would be a rather difficult procedure, as China is also facing increasing pressure in employment.
Titre: The impact of Chinese labor force on East Asia
Durée: 00:02:57   [00:29:14 > 00:32:11]
With the process of East Asia economic integration, more and more high skilled workers migrating from Japan and Hong Kong to work in mainland China. Meanwhile under the influence of the rapid economic development in China the unemployment rate in Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong and Taiwan has soared up since 2001.
Titre: Students students and tourists abroad
Durée: 00:03:59   [00:32:11 > 00:36:10]
With a greater increase in the number of students studying abroad each year, more and more Chinese students choose to come back to China after graduation. The number of Chinese tourists going abroad has increased greatly in recent years.
In general, Meng believed that the labor force migration in China, driven by tourism in the short-run or by employment opportunities in the long term, would have profound impact on the global economy, East Asia integration, as well as globalization.
Titre: Discussion
Durée: 00:08:56   [00:36:10 > 00:44:08]
The inflow of cheap labor force from China as well as the inherit structural changes took place in countries like Japan and South Korea both played a role in the increase in the unemployment rate in these countries, as they shipped some industries, low in competitiveness to China; This trend has great repercussions on East Asia economy. For example, in 2001, foreign direct investment (FDI) helped creating 10 million jobs in China (given 5000 dollars for one employment opportunity). It is for this reason that the neighboring countries in Asia have manifested an increase in unemployment rate.

8 chapitres.
  • In this presentation, Professor Meng will focus on the transformation of labor force in China and the impact of Chinese labor force on East Asia economic integration.
  • The problem of Chinese labor force comes from the pressure for providing employment opportunities for more than a quarter of the world’s total labor force, with 7.1% of the world’s territory. In China, there is a decrease in the labor force in agricultural sector and increase of the labor force in industrial sector after the economic reform of 1978.
  • China’s GDP level is close to that of the lower middle income country; however, its urbanization rate is only 32%, a considerably low level. The low level of urbanization affects not only economic development of the country but also has impacts on the transformation of the society.
  • The inflow of cheap labor force from China as well as the inherit structural changes took place in countries like Japan and South Korea both played a role in the increase in the unemployment rate in these countries, as they shipped some industries, low in competitiveness to China; This trend has great repercussions on East Asia economy. For example, in 2001, foreign direct investment (FDI) helped creating 10 million jobs in China (given 5000 dollars for one employment opportunity). It is for this reason that the neighboring countries in Asia have manifested an increase in unemployment rate.
Titre: Les transformations de l'emploi en Chine et perspectives
Auteur(s): MENG Jianjun
Durée: 00:44:08
Date de réalisation: 26/06/2002
Lieu de réalisation: Varna, Bulgaria
Langue(s): Bulgarian (Български) ; Français ; Zhongwen (中文)
In this presentation, professor Meng discussed two questions: the status quo of labor force transformation in China and the impact of the labor force migration on the economy of East Asia.
While presenting the growth in labor force, Meng also discussed the role of urbanization rate in the transformation of labor force in China. Moreover, he elaborated on the impact of long term and short term migration on the economy and labor market, throughout the process of East Asia integration.
Sujet: Sujet
Topique: Changes in labor market driven by the transformation of labor force
Mots-clés: labor force; job market; foreign direct investment
Libellé: The transformation of Chinese labor market after the economic reform
Mots-clés: labor force; job market; foreign direct investment; China; Japan; Taiwan; South Korea; East Asia
Localisation spatiale du sujet: Chine (République populaire)
Localisation temporelle du sujet: From China’s economic reform in 1978 to 2002 ; XXIe siècle ap. J.-C. ; XXe siècle ap. J.-C.
Starting from 1978, under the leadership of DENG Xiaoping, China launched a series of economic reforms, transforming planned economy to market economy.
Starting from 1978, under the leadership of DENG Xiaoping, China launched a series of economic reforms, transforming planned economy to market economy.
Type de discours consacré au sujet: Explication
Labor force migration and foreign direct investment bring impact on labor market.
Professor Meng’s presents how labor force migration and foreign direct investment influenced the labor market in China.
Sujet: Pays
Topique: Chine (République populaire)
Localisation temporelle du sujet: From China’s economic reform in 1978 to 2002 ; XXIe siècle ap. J.-C. ; XXe siècle ap. J.-C.
Starting from 1978, under the leadership of DENG Xiaoping, China launched a series of economic reforms, transforming planned economy to market economy.
Starting from 1978, under the leadership of DENG Xiaoping, China launched a series of economic reforms, transforming planned economy to market economy.
Type de discours consacré au sujet: Explication
Sujet: Sujet
Topique: Labor force migration
Mots-clés: labor force; skilled worker; migration
Libellé: The impact of labor force migration and foreign direct investment on China's labor market
Localisation spatiale du sujet: Chine (République populaire)
Migration of labor force, especially skilled workers, among South Korea, Japan, mainland China, Taiwan and Hongkong.
Localisation temporelle du sujet: From economic reform of 1978 to 2002 ; XXIe siècle ap. J.-C. ; XXe siècle ap. J.-C.
Starting from 1978, under the leadership of DENG Xiaoping, China launched a series of economic reforms, transforming planned economy to market economy.
Type de discours consacré au sujet: Explication
Professor Meng’s presents the issues of how labor force migration and foreign direct investment influenced the labor market in China. He also discussed the flow of highly skilled workers from South Korea and Hong Kong to mainland China.
Nom: ESCoM-AAR (Equipe Sémiotique Cognitive et Nouveaux Médias - Archives Audiovisuelles de la Recherche)
Rôle: Producteurs d'oeuvres audiovisuelles
Adresse: FMSH (Fondation Maison des Sciences de l'Homme), Paris, France
ESCoM-AAR (Equipe Sémiotique Cognitive et Nouveaux Médias - Archives Audiovisuelles de la Recherche), FMSH (Fondation Maison des Sciences de l'Homme), Paris, France
Nom: Meng
Prénom: Jianjun
Rôle: Contributeur (par catégorie)
Fonction: Faculty Fellow
Adresse: RIETI - Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry, Tokyo,Japan
Jianjun Meng, Faculty Fellow, RIETI - Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry, Tokyo, Japan
Type: Exposé(s) scientifique(s)
In this presentation, professor Meng presents the key issues of labor force transformation in China and the impact of labor force migration on the economy of East Asia, based on his scholarly research.
Type: Contexte "Recherche"
Public cible: Pour tout public
This presentation introduces key issues in the labor market transformation in East Asia to the general public.
MENG Jianjun. « Les transformations de l'emploi en Chine et perspectives Archives Audiovisuelles de la Recherche (ARC), n°10, 2012, [en ligne] ; URL : http://www.archivesaudiovisuelles.fr/10
Type: Droit d'auteur relatif à la production du document source
© ESCoM-AAR (Equipe Sémiotique Cognitive et Nouveaux Médias, Archives Audiovisuelles de la Recherche), FMSH (Fondation Maison des Sciences de l’Homme), Paris, FRANCE
Type: Droit d'auteur relatif à la réalisation du document source
© BILIETINA, Charles, Producer, ESCoM-FMSH, Paris, France, 2002 © CHALLULAU, Hélène, Producer, ESCoM-FMSH, Paris, France, 2002
Type: Droit d'auteur relatif au contenu du document source
© MENG, Jianjun, Senior Fellow, Research Institute of Economy, Trade & Industry, Tokyo, Japan, 2002
Type: Régime général "Creative Commons" relatifs au document source
This audiovisual resource is protected by the "Creative Commons" regime. You are free to reproduce it, distribute and communicate to the public. But you must report his paternity (its authors), you don't have the right to modify or to make commercial use. Reading, dissemination and practical exploitation of this audiovisual resource presupposes that you have accepted the Creative Commons legal rules described in the page
Titre: Thematic analysis in English of the video «Les transformations de l'emploi en Chine et perspectives»
Langue(s): English
Comment citer: WEI, Boya. "Thematic analysis in English of the video « Les transformations de l'emploi en Chine et perspectives» " (AGORA, 2014), http://www.agora.msh-paris.fr/
Id analyse: f578b39c-06f5-4828-9ae5-b221a0934d2e
Id vidéo: 1923cecf-6e20-4bd1-aac7-e86faa3184e0
This analysis examines the different themes covered in the presentation of MENG Jianjun.